Petrol Engine Pre-Start Checks
PropellerCheck that the propeller is free of damage and that there is no debris, rope or fishing line hooked up on it. Check cooling water intakes (on the leg, in front of the propeller) are clear. If possible, inspect the bellows and hoses for cuts or abrasion.
Drive LegLower the drive leg.
Visual CheckCheck belts and hoses for cuts, splits or fraying and look out for oil or coolant leaks.
Raw Water FilterShut the cooling water seacock, remove the filter element and clean it if necessary. Replace the element, screw the lid back onto the filter body and open the seacock.
Engine Oil LevelCheck the engine oil level with the dipstick and top up if necessary to keep the level between the 'max' and 'min' marks.
Fuel FilterSome boats have a transparent water separator/filter in the fuel line. Inspect the bowl for water or dirt and drain off any visible contamination.
Fresh Water LevelCarefully remove the header tank cap and top up with water/antifreeze mixture if necessary to bring the level within about 50mm of the top. Replace the header tank cap.
Bilge BlowerIf you have a bilge blower or engine room extractor fan, run it for a few minutes before starting the engine.
FuelMake sure you have enough fuel for your intended trip, plus a reserve of about 20% of the tank's capacity. The fuel tap on a diesel system should normally be left open. In twin-tank twin-engine systems, the fuel management valves should usually be arranged so that each engine is drawing from and returning to its own tank, with the balance pipe or transfer pipe valves shut.
Battery SwitchTurn the battery switch on before starting. Do not switch it off while the engine is running.